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Diabetes Patient Education Fact Sheets

These fact sheets present causes, symptoms, prevalence, diagnosis, and complications and are generally written at a 9th- to 12th-grade reading level.

The A1C Test and Diabetes publication thumbnail image

The A1C Test and Diabetes
Defines and explains the diabetes blood test called the A1C test. Provides in-depth information on using the test for both diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes and maintenance of diabetes. Compares the A1C test to other diabetes blood tests. Discusses variation in the test and the range of answers given by diabetes blood tests in general.
PDF Version (555 KB) *

Alternative Devices for Taking Insulin publication thumbnail image

Alternative Devices for Taking Insulin
Describes devices available for taking insulin in addition to needles and syringes. Describes the artificial pancreas, a system under development that will combine continuous glucose monitoring with automatic insulin delivery.
PDF Version (150 KB) *

Anemia of Inflammation and Chronic Disease publication thumbnail image

Anemia of Inflammation and Chronic Disease
Explains anemia of inflammation and chronic disease (AI/ACD), a type of anemia that usually results from a chronic illness or infection.
PDF Version (272 KB) *

Causes of Diabetes publication thumbnail image

Causes of Diabetes
Defines diabetes and discusses the causes of type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Describes genetic, environmental, and other factors associated with the development of diabetes.
PDF Version (475 KB) *

Comparing Tests for Diabetes and Prediabetes: A Quick Reference Guide publication thumbnail image

Comparing Tests for Diabetes and Prediabetes: A Quick Reference Guide (For Health Care Professionals)
Provides a concise summary for health care providers of blood tests for diabetes and prediabetes, covering uses, technical features, and pros and cons of different tests. Information is displayed in a large table that can be put on the wall or kept on a desk.
PDF Version (1,315 KB) *

Continuous Glucose Monitoring publication thumbnail image

Continuous Glucose Monitoring
Describes devices that check glucose levels continuously and transmit results to a monitor. Describes the artificial pancreas, a system under development that will combine continuous glucose monitoring with automatic insulin delivery.
PDF Version (209 KB) *

DCCT and EDIC: The Diabetes Control Complications Trial and Follow-up Study publication thumbnail image

DCCT and EDIC: The Diabetes Control Complications Trial and Follow-up Study
Describes the results and implications of the DCCT, which was conducted by the NIDDK from 1983 to 1993 and showed that keeping blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible slows the onset and progression of the eye, kidney, and nerve damage caused by diabetes. Also describes the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) study, which is assessing the incidence and predictors of cardiovascular disease events and other diabetes complications by continuing to follow more than 90 percent of DCCT participants.
PDF Version (106 KB) *

Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke publication thumbnail image

Diabetes, Heart Disease, and Stroke
Describes the relationship between heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Provides information about risk factors, prevention, types of cardiovascular disease, diagnosis, and treatment.
PDF Version (303 KB) *

Diabetes Prevention Program publication thumbnail image

Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP)
Summarizes the findings of the Diabetes Prevention Program and lists the risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
PDF Version (568 KB) *

Diabetic Neuropathies:  The Nerve Damage of Diabetes publication thumbnail image

Diabetic Neuropathies: The Nerve Damage of Diabetes
Reviews the causes and symptoms of diabetic neuropathy and explains the different types of neuropathies: peripheral, autonomic, proximal, and focal. Diagnosis and treatment are also discussed.
PDF Version (307 KB) *

Neuropatías diabéticas: el daño de los nervios en personas con diabetes publication thumbnail image

En Español
Neuropatías diabéticas: el daño de los nervios en personas con diabetes
Repasa las causas y los síntomas de la neuropatía diabética y explica los diferentes tipos de neuropatías: periférica, autónoma, proximal y focal. También habla sobre el diagnóstico y el tratamiento.
Versión PDF (290 KB) *

Diagnosis of Diabetes and Prediabetes publication thumbnail image

Diagnosis of Diabetes and Prediabetes
Contains general information about diabetes and prediabetes and how they are diagnosed. Discusses risk factors, recommendations for when to be tested, evaluation of body mass index, and steps to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.
PDF Version (552 KB) *

Erectile Dysfunction (ED) publication thumbnail image

Erectile Dysfunction
Describes the physiology of erection and the causes, diagnosis, and treatment of erectile dysfunction. Includes illustrations.
PDF Version (187 KB) *

Disfunción Eréctil publication thumbnail image

En Español
Disfunción Eréctil
Describe la fisiología de la erección y las causas, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la disfunción eréctil, también llamada impotencia. Incluye ilustraciones.
Versión PDF (195 KB) *

Financial Help for Diabetes Care publication thumbnail image

Financial Help for Diabetes Care
Reviews private health insurance, government health insurance, and other health care services for people with diabetes. Lists organizations and local resources that address various financial concerns.
PDF Version (351 KB) *

Ayuda financiera para el cuidado de la diabetes publication thumbnail image

En Español
Ayuda financiera para el cuidado de la diabetes
Explica los dos programas de atención médica auspiciados por el gobierno, Medicare y Medicaid, así como otros servicios de atención médica disponibles a las personas con diabetes. Presenta un listado de organizaciones que encaran interrogantes financieros sobre medicamentos recetados y suministros médicos, cuidado protésico, diálisis y trasplante de riñón. También incluye sugerencias para localizar recursos locales.
Versión PDF (275 KB) *

Gastroparesis publication thumbnail image

Gastroparesis
Defines gastroparesis and describes the symptoms, diagnosis, complications, and treatment.
PDF Version (168 KB) *

Hypoglycemia publication thumbnail image

Hypoglycemia
Defines and explains the causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment of hypoglycemia. Focuses on controlling hypoglycemia in people with diabetes but also discusses hypoglycemia in people without diabetes.
PDF Version (152 KB) *

La Hipoglucemia publication thumbnail image

En Español
La hipoglucemia
Define y explica las causas, síntomas, prevención y el tratamiento de la hipoglucemia. Se enfoca en el control de la hipoglucemia en personas con diabetes pero también explica la hipoglucemia en personas sin diabetes.
Versión PDF (293 KB) *

Insulin Resistance and Prediabetes publication thumbnail image

Insulin Resistance and Prediabetes
Defines insulin resistance and prediabetes and describes diagnosis. Lists ways to treat these conditions to help avoid developing diabetes.
PDF Version (679 KB) *

Kidney Disease of Diabetes publication thumbnail image

Kidney Disease of Diabetes
Explains kidney disease, including causes and its progression to kidney failure. Highlights the findings of the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial as they relate to kidney disease.
PDF Version (109 KB) *

La enfermedad renal en personas con diabetes publication thumbnail image

En Español
La enfermedad renal en personas con diabetes
Explica la enfermedad renal, incluidas las causas y su progresión a la insuficiencia renal. Resalta los hallazgos del ensayo sobre el control y las complicaciones de la diabetes en relación con la enfermedad renal.
Versión PDF (118 KB) *

Monogenic Forms of Diabetes: Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus and Maturity-onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY) publication thumbnail image

Monogenic Forms of Diabetes: Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus and Maturity-onset Diabetes of the Young
Provides information about rare forms of diabetes that result from mutations in a single gene. Emphasizes that genetic testing can correctly diagnose most forms of monogenic diabetes, allowing for selection of the proper treatment. Includes basic information for the public about genetics, genetic testing, and genetic counseling and detailed technical information for health care professionals.
PDF Version (180 KB) *

Pancreatic Islet Transplantation publication thumbnail image

Pancreatic Islet Transplantation
Defines pancreatic islets and describes the process of pancreatic islet transplantation, an experimental procedure. Also discusses the risks and benefits of transplantation.
PDF Version (291 KB) *

Sexual and Urologic Problems of Diabetes publication thumbnail image

Sexual and Urologic Problems of Diabetes
Describes the sexual and urologic problems that men and women with diabetes may experience. Provides information about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Includes suggestions for additional resources.
PDF Version (237 KB) *

Los problemas sexuales y urológicos de la diabetes publication thumbnail image

En Español
Los problemas sexuales y urológicos de la diabetes
Explica los problemas sexuales y urológicos que pueden sentir los hombres y mujeres con diabetes. Proporciona información sobre las causas, los síntomas, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento. Incluye sugerencias hacia otros recursos adicionales.
Versión PDF (205 KB) *

Sickle Cell Trait and Other Hemoglobinopathies and Diabetes:  Important Information for Physicians publication thumbnail image

Sickle Cell Trait and Other Hemoglobinopathies and Diabetes: Important Information for Providers
Explains how the A1C test can lead to misdiagnosis, overtreatment, or undertreatment of diabetes in people with hemoglobinopathies. Explains when to suspect a patient has a variant.
PDF Version (405 KB) *

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Page last updated July 9, 2014


The National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse is a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health.

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse
1 Information Way
Bethesda, MD 20892–3560
Phone: 1–800–860–8747
TTY: 1–866–569–1162
Fax: 703–738–4929
Email: ndic@info.niddk.nih.gov
Internet: www.diabetes.niddk.nih.gov

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